Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease causing inflammation of the digestive tract
Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes chronic inflammation and sores (ulcers) in the lining of the large intestine. It usually affects the lower section (sigmoid colon) and the rectum but can affect the entire colon.
In general, the more of the colon that's affected, the worse the symptoms will be. Common symptoms include abdominal pain and cramping, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding. Some people also may have a fever, loss of appetite, and may lose weight. In severe cases, people may experience diarrhea 10 to 20 times per day. The disease can also cause other problems such as joint pain, eye problems, or liver disease.
Treatment for ulcerative colitis depends largely on the severity of the disease. Treatment usually includes medications and changes in diet. In severe chronic cases, surgery can be required. While it has no known cure, digestive health treatments can greatly reduce signs and symptoms of the disease and even bring about long-term remission.